Burn is tissue damage that results from overexposure to the sun or other radiation, contact with flames, chemicals or electricity, or smoke inhalation. It is a common skin injury encountered at all skin levels. Minor burns heal by applying ointment and Burnol but, moderate to severe burns require systematic management.

Here are some guidelines that will be helpful in the treatment of Burns:

Some immediate action to be taken after Burn injury:

  • The first and foremost step is to stop a person’s contact with burning material.
  • Remove burnt clothing and if cloth sticks to the skin then tear it out.
  • Take off belts and jewelry so, that Burn doesn’t swell.
  • If the burn is just affecting only the top layer of skin then keep burnt skin under cool water.
  • Do not apply creams, butter, or lotions and you can apply petroleum-based ointment for the best treatment of Burnt skin.

Guidelines for treatment of burnt skin:

  1. The first step in the treatment of burned skin is to cool the burning area by immersing it in cool water. Iced water should not be used.
  2. Cooling and covering the Burn will reduce Burn pain. Once pain is relieved apply some ointment to the burnt area. Anti-inflammatory pain killers can also be taken to relieve pain.
  3. Burnt are should not be wrapped with adhesive band-aids. It can be covered with a cotton sheet but do not use wet dressings.
  4. The cause and extent of burnt should be assessed. If the burn is serious and not manageable you should consult the burn- unit.
  5. The burnt area should be kept clean so that micro-organisms do not attack it and worsen your condition.
  6. Burn should be thoroughly cleaned with soap and water or mild anti-bacterial wash. Alcohol-based wash and soap should be avoided.
  7. The dressing of Burn should be changed every 48 hours. Depending upon how healing is progressing, the frequency of dressing can vary from 3-5 days.
  8. If the dressing is smelly or becomes painful it should immediately change.
  9. If Burn fails to heal within a week you should immediately consult a doctor.
  10. If the burn is too severe then skin grafting is the best option for Burn treatment.

Dos and don’ts after Burn:

  • Moisturizing is very important after burn injury. It decreases the chance of developing blisters. One should always avoid scented lotions and always apply lotion with light pressure on the injured area.
  • Allergic reactions are generally caused after using ointments for a long time. If you have an allergic reaction, stop using soaps and lotions and consult a doctor in that case.
  • Newly healed skin is prone to blisters. So, do not rub the skin while recovering.
  • Once the burnt area is completely recovered then only you can start using scar removal creams.


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